Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are general terms that are used for a series of complex lifelong disorders where the affected person has difficulty in social interaction, communication, verbal and non-verbal communication, has restricted interest and activities, repetitive behaviour, lack of empathizing, etc. Its symptoms tend to emerge between the ages of two to three years. The number of autism cases is increasing worldwide.

The exact causes for autism disorders are unknown to the current science, though it is believed that several complex genetic and environmental factors are involved. Though there are many theories put forward, none of them sufficiently explain causes of the wide and diverse variety of symptoms seen in autism.

As per the following DF analysis, causes of autism and related disorders are mainly dependent on conditions arising out of if and how VP-LB communicate and how CB-ROMs are built and used.

Based on the above, the notion that autism is a developmental disorder can be confirmed by the fact that VP is developed over time and CB-ROMs are built using VP-LB communication.

Following explains mechanisms and defects that are responsible for most symptoms seen in autistic patients.

Importance of CB-ROMs in a Social World

If I punch a punching bag, I will not feel guilty for the bag, as I know it does not have any sensations and feelings. If I punch you, I know you have sensations and feelings and you won't like it, which is derived from the fact that (based on my own experiences), I don't like it when someone punches me. It sounds like common sense, but that is how we come to know of other people's experiences and mental states.

In detail: Extrapolated mental states (as given under title Building CB-ROMs) like intentions, desires, beliefs, opinions, wishes, etc., and subjective experiences of others are connected and mapped by a person to his own experiences and mental states (as mentioned under title Understanding Other People's Minds). Usage of common resources (more under title Using Common Resources) to process similar experiences between personal B-ROM and CB-ROMs enable him to realize, based on his own mental states and experiences, how his actions are affecting the other person. Such realization gives him the ability to empathize with others, or, "put him into another person's shoes". This begins to happen in early childhood, when, typically through explanation from another person (or via knowledge gained from other external sources) a child learns to connect and map other people's experiences and mental states to his own. As mental states are mainly responsible for actions, having knowledge about other people's mental states allows him to predict their actions.

"I found it fascinating to visit your website and admire your depth and breadth of vision."

Professor Simon Baron-Cohen, FBA

© Copyright 2017 Parag Jasani. All Rights Reserved.

Kindly enter your credentials